Vladivostok is a city and the administrative centre of the Far Eastern Federal District and Primorsky Krai, Russian Federation, located around the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia’s borders with China and North Korea.

Vladivostok is the administrative centre of the krai.

The population of the Vladivostok-city as of 2018 was 604,901, up from 592,034 recorded in the 2010 Russian census. Harbin in China is about 515 kilometres (320 mi) away, while Sapporo in Japan is about 775 kilometres (482 mi) east across the Sea of Japan.

The Vladivostok-city is the home port of the Russian Pacific Fleet and is the largest Russian port on the Pacific coast.

Vladivostok was first named in 1859 along with other features in the Peter the Great Gulf area by Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky. The name first applied to the bay but, following an expedition by Alexey Shefner in 1860, was applied to the new settlement.

In Chinese, the place where the city is situated nowadays has been known since the Qing dynasty as Haishenwai.

The modern-day Japanese name of the city is transliterated as Urajiosutoku (ウラジオストク). Historically, the city was written in Kanji as 浦塩斯徳 and shortened to Urajio ウラジオ; 浦塩.

The city is located in the southern extremity of Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula, which is about 30 kilometers (19 mi) long and 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) wide.

The highest point is Mount Kholodilnik, 257 meters (843 ft). Eagle’s Nest Hill is often called the highest point of the city; but, with a height of only 199 meters (653 ft), or 214 meters (702 ft) according to other sources, it is the highest point of the downtown area, but not of the whole city.

Located in the extreme South East of Asian Russia, Vladivostok is geographically closer to Anchorage, Alaska and even Darwin, Australia than it is to the nation’s capital of Moscow. In fact, Vladivostok is closer to Honolulu, Hawaii than to the Russian city of Sochi.

Vladivostok is home to numerous educational institutions, including five universities:
Far Eastern Federal University
Maritime State University
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service
Vladivostok State Medical University (Pacific State Medical University)

Republic of Kalmykia

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